Nadežda Petrovich was a Serbian most important artist from the beginning of the century and one of the women war photography pioneers in the region. Considered Serbia's most famous impressionist and fauvist, she was the most important Serbian female painter of the period.

The fine art of Nadežda Petrovich introduces Serbian art in the courses of contemporary European art. Owing to her spirit which from small Serbia longed for the modern world and thanks to favorable circumstances that she could go to school and visit fine art centers of Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, her painting mostly kept up with European expressionism, impressionism, fauvism, and sometimes it was close to, still not famous, abstraction.